A mountain pass through a heavily wooded area makes a difficult journey even more so. Traversing such a pass would require a good amount of courage and endurance. The forest is dangerous, filled with predators, both animal, and human. In human consciousness, a great value is placed on order over chaos, which is why people choose to live in cleared off settlements, separated from the wooded parts.
The village became a safe haven, far from the dangerous unknowns of the forest. And precisely that unknown is what fascinated and set off people’s curiosity. Looking out from the safety of the village encampment at the tall endless sea of trees that formed the forest, must have conjured up the imagination. Many cultural attributes are tied up to forests by humans’ perspective of it. It is both good and evil, a giver of resources but also an obstacle to advancement.
Growth and resources
As a bountiful source of resources, forests supplied settlers with food, medicinal herbs and roots, shelter and most commonly, wood, which could be carved into many tools, weapons, and even barricades. Hunting in the woods offered up even more in the way of food, and the trees of the forest helped camouflage the hunter in his pursuit. Trees have deep roots and like human beings, they seem alive. Growing and changing over time, a sense of wonder is instilled in people to seem them so resilient and adaptable. Deciduous trees especially, with their seasonal cycle as the summer leaves change color and are shed in autumn only to regrow in the spring. This regenerative property of trees may have motivated people to assign symbolic meaning to them, as eternal energetic forces.
The divine and the supernatural
Living in walled cities, the Greeks very much feared the forests and wilderness. They saw this unknown and untamed wilderness as belonging to the gods. Venturing out into it would be a perilous endeavor to undertake as one might accidentally cross the unseen boundary between the human realm and the divine, the consequences of which would be awfully great. This association with the divine can in some form be associated today with the supernatural. Many horror movies and stories take place in the wild forest or a cabin in the woods. Humans have pushed out their fears that now populate the deep dark forests of our imagination. That is not to say that the wild was completely harmless, wild animals and thieves still dwelled in them, but in a way, it served as a perfect place to store all our internal fears.
Stories and fairy tales
Many stories and myths have the protagonist embarking on a quest or adventure through the forest that needs to be crossed. Little red riding hood is sent on the forest path, the tamed part of the wild forest, to take food and wine to grandma, but she is set off the path by the wolf, thus into the untamed wilderness. Hansel and Gretel are left in the wild forest and find themselves face to face with a witch, in her home, deep inside the dark forest. Even Dante Alighieri’s journey in the divine comedy begins “within a forest dark” as he has lost his way from the path. In ancient and medieval periods of time, wild forests were vastly more expansive than the civilized cities and villages, where humans made their homes, so it is only natural that they extend their fear to the unknown mysterious wilderness.
Monsters dwell there, witches and goblins. But in some other stories, the forest is a protector. Snow White finds shelter with the dwarves in their forest home and is thus protected from her cruel stepmother for a while. Sherwood forest is almost a character of its own in the story of Robin Hood as it provides the hero with the perfect hiding place, as he seems to have a special tie with this wilderness.
The symbolic duality of the forest was shaped by human consciousness. People are the ones that assigned where the border of tamed wilderness and the civilized city lay. The mystery of wild forests still lingers in our minds today, granted with different fears and shaped around other anxieties. It seems that forests have taken up roots not than just in the ground but in our subconscious as well.